Fire Doors

Fire doors are designed to contain a fire to a single compartment within a building, reducing the risk of fire and smoke to those persons occupying adjacent compartments. Therefore, when fitted and maintained correctly, fire doors help to protect both life and property from the effects of fire.

  • Fire resisting doors should be installed to current standards BS 476: Part 22: 1987 (British Standard) BS EN 1634-1: 2008 (European Normative standard)

  • Fire doors should be installed and maintained by a competent person.

  • A fire door should only be installed with certificated components that will ensure it achieves the required fire rating.

  • As part of the Fire Risk Assessment, a maintenance programme should be implemented to ensure fire doors are in satisfactory working order.

  • Fire doors should never be tied open or held open by unapproved devices, such as door wedges and blocks.

  • Where appropriate, fire doors may be held open by a device that automatically releases when the fire alarm is activated (such as an electromagnetic hold open device). This should be identified in the Fire Risk Assessment for the building.

  • Fixtures and fittings (e.g.: self-closing devices) should not be tampered with or removed once a fire door is installed. This practice compromises the integrity of the door set.

The following photographs show how effective correctly maintained fire doors can be in preventing fire and smoke spread:
Fire Door - fire side
A picture of a fire door on the fire side
Fire door - non fire side
Fire door on the opposite side to the fire

The photographs above were taken following a fire in a garage workshop. The office area was separated from the workshop by a fire compartment wall and a self-closing fire door. The fire door significantly reduced the spread of fire to the office area which only suffered minimal smoke damage. On the office side, the fire door was not damaged by the fire and the smoke damage to the office was insignificant. This allowed the business to get back to business as usual once the workshop area was safe to use, demonstrating how important fire doors and other passive fire protection measures are for business continuity.

For further information, please visit Fire Door Safety Week and www.twfire.gov.uk to find out more about Fire Safety for Businesses.

Download a checklist of what to look for to ensure your fire door safety.